“The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.”
History of the Fourth Amendment:
The warrant requirement in the amendment is an example of the Constitution’s system of checks and balances, and is key to ensuring liberty and justice. Under England’s monarchy, rights to privacy were not apparent. Possessions could be seized without reason. The grievances listed in the Declaration of Independence are the basis for these rights. The framers believed that the freedom from government intrusion into one’s home was a natural right and absolutely fundamental to liberty.